What gods and goddesses did the people of ancient china believe in? - Answers (2024)

AAo

Descriptio: The 4 dragon kings named Ao Ch'in, Ao Kuang, Ao Junand Ao Shun. Each was responsible for a part of Earth and an areaof sea. During droughts, teh dragon kings were worshipped withnoisy nparades of music and dance which followed a cloth effigy ofa dragon. Every stream and river had its own Ao.

Ch'ang-o

Other Names: Heng-o.

Description: Goddess of the Moon and wife of I.

Ch'eng-Huang

Description: God of walls and ditches. Each town/village had itsown local Ch'eng-Huang.

Rules Over: Protection, justice.

Chih-Nii

Other Names: Chih Nu

Description: Goddess of spinners, weavers and clouds.

Rules Over: Handcrafts, rain.

Ch'in-Shu-Pao

Description: Guardian God. T'ang dynasty military hero elevatedto the job of guarding doors.

Rules Over: Protection, privacy.

Chuang-Mu

Description: Goddess of the bedroom and sexual delights.

Rules Over: Sex.

Chu-Jung

Description: God of fire and executions.

Rules Over: Justice, revenge, death.

Erh-Lang

Description: God who chases away evil spirits and shape-shifterwho had up to 72 different bodily forms. Widely worshipped.

Rules Over: Protection from evil.

Feng-Po-Po

Description: Goddess of winds.

Rules Over: Storms, moisture.

Fu-Hsi

Other Names: Fu-Hsing.

Description: God of happiness, symbolized by the bat.

Rules Over: Destiny, love, success.

Hou-Chi

Description: Ancient harvest God. Depicted as a kindly old manwith millet stalks growing on his head.

Rules Over: Harvest, crops.

Hsi Wang Mu

Other Names: Wang-Mu Niang-Niang, Weiwobo.

Description: Highest Goddess of ancient China. Her palace iss inthe Khun-lun mountain where she protects the herb ofimmortality.

Rules Over: Curing disease.

Hsuan-T'ien-Shang-Ti

Description: Ruler of Water, God who removes evil spirits anddemons.

Rules Over: Exorcism.

Hu-Tu

Other Names: Hou-T'u

Description: Female deity Earth. The Emperor offered sacrificesto her on a square marble altar in the Forbidden City each summersolstice.

Rules Over: Earth magick, fertility.

I-Ti

Description: God of wine who invented winemaking.

Rules Over: Wine.

Kuan Ti

Description: God of War and fortunetelling. Shown dressed ingreen and had a red face.

Rules Over: Protection, valor, justice, divination, revenge,death, dark magick, prophecy.

Kuan Yin

Other Names: Kwan Yin, Kwannon.

Description: Great Mother, patroness of priestesses. Sometimedepicted holding a child. It is thought this Goddess sits on herparadise island of P'u T'o and answers every prayer to her.

Rules Over: Success, mercy, purification, fertility, children,motherhood, childbirth, healing, enlightenment.

K'uei-Hsing

Other Names: Chung-Kuei.

Description: Protector of travelers. God of tests andexaminations, literature and students.

Rules Over: Protection during travel, tests, literature,students.

Lan Ts'ai-Ho

Description: One of the 8 Immortals of ancient China, thisGoddess dressed as a woman but had a male voice. Carried a Fluteand basket of fruit.

Rules Over: Music, fertility.

Lao-Tien-Yeh

Description: The Jade Emperor. "Father Heaven."

Lei-King

Other Names: Lei-Kung.

Description: God of thunder and retribution, he had few shrines.Shown as an ugly man with blue skin, wings and claws, clad in aloincloth. He punished the guilty that human law did not touch.

Rules Over: Justice, punishment.

Lo Shen

Description: Goddess of rivers.

Rules Over: Water magick.

Lu-Hsing

Description: God of pay and employees. Symbol was a deer whichhe rode on.

Rules Over: Prosperity, success, law, employment.

Lu-Pan

Other Names: Lupan.

Description: God of carpenters and masons.

Rules Over: Artistic abilities, fame.

Ma-Ku

Description: Goddess of springtime.

Rules Over: Spring rites.

Men Shen

Description: Two deities who warded the door against evilspirits and hostile influences. One had a red or black face, theother a white face. They both wore military dress, holding along-handled mace.

Rules Over: Protection.

Meng-Po Niang Niang

Description: Goddess who lived just inside the door to hellwhere those reincarnating would depart. Her sacred potion, of whichshe gave a few drops to each departing person, made all humansforget previous lives.

Rules Over: Passing over rites, past-lives.

Nu Kua

Description: Creator Goddess who made humankind.

Rules Over: Creation.

Pa

Description: Goddess of droughts.

Rules Over: Droughts.

P'an-Chin-Lien

Description: Goddess of prostitutes.

Rules Over: Prostitution.

Pi-Hsia Yuan Chin

Description: Goddess of childbirth and labor, she brings healthand good fortune to the newborn and protection to the mother.

Rules Over: Protection, good fortune, health, childbirth,labor.

Sao-Ts'ing Niang

Description: Goddess of the clouds.

Rules Over: Ending droughts.

Shaka-Nyorai

Other Names: Sakyamuni.

Description: Historical Buddha.

Rules Over: Virtue, enlightenment, self-realization.

Shang-Ti

Description: The Supreme God.

Shen Nung

Description: God of medicine, pharmacy, agriculture.

Rules Over: Medicine, pharmacy, agriculture.

Shou-Hsing

Other Names: Shou, Lao.

Description: God of longevity and old people, keeper of the bookof the life-span of men. Shown with a prominent bald head withwhite eyebrows and whiskers. A stag beside him, he leaned on astaff and carried a peach, symbol of immortality.

Rules Over: Life plan, date of death, reincarnation.

Shui-Khan

Description: God who defends men against all evil and forgivessins.

Rules Over: Averting evil.

T'ai-Yueh-Ta-Ti

Other Names: Tung-Yueh-Ta-Ti.

Description: God of the affairs of men, protector of men andanimals.

Rules Over: Children, fortune, honors, fate, animals, payment ofgood and bad karma, prosperity, success.

Tien-Hou

Other Names: Tien Fei.

Description: Protectress of sailors and others in time ofdanger.

Rules Over: Protection.

T'ien-Khuan

Description: God who bestows happiness.

Rules Over: Happiness.

Tien-Mu

Description: Goddess of lightning.

Rules Over: Lightning.

Ti-Khuan

Description: God who grants remission of sins.

Ti-Tsang-Wang-Pu-Sa

Description: God of mercy, he visited those in Hell and tried toarrange for a good reincarnation. Depicted as a smiling robed monkwith a halo around his body and carried a pearl that gave offlight.

Rules Over: Knowledge for reincarnation.

Tou-Mou

Description: Goddess of the polestar and record-keeper; scribeof the Immortals. Judge of all peoples.

Rules Over: Stars, records, writing, judgement.

Tsai Shen

Other Names: Ts'ai-Shen

Description: God of wealth, most popular chinese god. Showndressed in exquisite silks.

Rules Over: Abundance, success.

Tsao-Wang

Other Names: Tsao-Chun.

Description: Kitchen god, god of the hearth. Protector offamilies and recorder of the actions and words of each family. Hiswife recorded the behavior of women in particular. He gave hisreport to the Jade Emperor who then determined the family's comingfortunes.

Tsi-Ku

Other Names: Tsi Ku Niang.

Description: Goddess of the outhouse. It is said that when awoman wanted to know the future, she went to the outhouse and askedTsi-Ku.

Rules Over: Outhouses, divination.

Twen-Ch'ang

Other Names: Wen-Chang-Ta-Ti.

Description: God of literature and poetry.

Rules Over: Writing, publishing, artistic fame.

Yao-Shih

Description: "Master of healing."

Rules Over: Psychic abilities, healing powers.

Yeng-Wang-Yeh

Description: FOremost of the ten Yama Kings of Lords of Death.Ruler of hell. He decided the fate of all new arrivals, determiningif they went to a special court for trial, were punished or sentstraight back to the Wheel of Life.

Rules Over: Judgment, punishment, karmic justice.o

Description: The 4 dragon kings named Ao Ch'in, Ao Kuang, Ao Junand Ao Shun. Each was responsible for a part of Earth and an areaof sea. During droughts, teh dragon kings were worshipped withnoisy parades of music and dance which followed a cloth effigy of adragon. Every stream and river had its own Ao.

Ch'ang-o

Other Names: Heng-o.

Description: Goddess of the Moon and wife of I.

Ch'eng-Huang

Description: God of walls and ditches. Each town/village had itsown local Ch'eng-Huang.

Rules Over: Protection, justice.

Chih-Nii

Other Names: Chih Nu

Description: Goddess of spinners, weavers and clouds.

Rules Over: Handcrafts, rain.

Ch'in-Shu-Pao

Description: Guardian God. T'ang dynasty military hero elevatedto the job of guarding doors.

Rules Over: Protection, privacy.

Chuang-Mu

Description: Goddess of the bedroom and sexual delights.

Rules Over: Sex.

Chu-Jung

Description: God of fire and executions.

Rules Over: Justice, revenge, death.

Erh-Lang

Description: God who chases away evil spirits and shape-shifterwho had up to 72 different bodily forms. Widely worshipped.

Rules Over: Protection from evil.

Feng-Po-Po

Description: Goddess of winds.

Rules Over: Storms, moisture.

Fu-Hsi

Other Names: Fu-Hsing.

Description: God of happiness, symbolized by the bat.

Rules Over: Destiny, love, success.

Hou-Chi

Description: Ancient harvest God. Depicted as a kindly old manwith millet stalks growing on his head.

Rules Over: Harvest, crops.

Hsi Wang Mu

Other Names: Wang-Mu Niang-Niang, Weiwobo.

Description: Highest Goddess of ancient China. Her palace iss inthe Khun-lun mountain where she protects the herb ofimmortality.

Rules Over: Curing disease.

Hsuan-T'ien-Shang-Ti

Description: Ruler of Water, God who removes evil spirits anddemons.

Rules Over: Exorcism.

Hu-Tu

Other Names: Hou-T'u

Description: Female deity Earth. The Emperor offered sacrificesto her on a square marble altar in the Forbidden City each summersolstice.

Rules Over: Earth magick, fertility.

I-Ti

Description: God of wine who invented winemaking.

Rules Over: Wine.

Kuan Ti

Description: God of war and fortunetelling. Shown dressed ingreen and had a red face.

Rules Over: Protection, valor, justice, divination, revenge,death, dark magick, prophecy.

Kuan Yin

Other Names: Kwan Yin, Kwannon.

Description: Great Mother, patroness of priestesses. Sometimedepicted holding a child. It is thought this Goddess sits on herparadise island of P'u T'o and answers every prayer to her.

Rules Over: Success, mercy, purification, fertility, children,motherhood, childbirth, healing, enlightenment.

K'uei-Hsing

Other Names: Chung-Kuei.

Description: Protector of travelers. God of tests andexaminations, literature and students.

Rules Over: Protection during travel, tests, literature,students.

Lan Ts'ai-Ho

Description: One of the 8 Immortals of ancient China, thisGoddess dressed as a woman but had a male voice. Carried a fluteand basket of fruit.

Rules Over: Music, fertility.

Lao-Tien-Yeh

Description: The Jade Emperor. "Father Heaven."

Lei-King

Other Names: Lei-Kung.

Description: God of thunder and retribution, he had few shrines.Shown as an ugly man with blue skin, wings and claws, clad in aloincloth. He punished the guilty that human law did not touch.

Rules Over: Justice, punishment.

Lo Shen

Description: Goddess of rivers.

Rules Over: Water magick.

Lu-Hsing

Description: God of pay and employees. Symbol was a deer whichhe rode on.

Rules Over: Prosperity, success, law, employment.

Lu-Pan

Other Names: Lupan.

Description: God of carpenters and masons.

Rules Over: Artistic abilities, fame.

Ma-Ku

Description: Goddess of springtime.

Rules Over: Spring rites.

Men Shen

Description: Two deities who warded the door against evilspirits and hostile influences. One had a red or black face, theother a white face. They both wore military dress, holding along-handled mace.

Rules Over: Protection.

Meng-Po Niang Niang

Description: Goddess who lived just inside the door to hellwhere those reincarnating would depart. Her sacred potion, of whichshe gave a few drops to each departing person, made all humansforget previous lives.

Rules Over: Passing over rites, past-lives.

Nu Kua

Description: Creator Goddess who made humankind.

Rules Over: Creation.

Pa

Description: Goddess of droughts.

Rules Over: Droughts.

P'an-Chin-Lien

Description: Goddess of prostitutes.

Rules Over: Prostitution.

Pi-Hsia Yuan Chin

Description: Goddess of childbirth and labor, she brings healthand good fortune to the newborn and protection to the mother.

Rules Over: Protection, good fortune, health, childbirth,labor.

Sao-Ts'ing Niang

Description: Goddess of the clouds.

Rules Over: Ending droughts.

Shaka-Nyorai

Other Names: Sakyamuni.

Description: Historical Buddha.

Rules Over: Virtue, enlightenment, self-realization.

Shang-Ti

Description: The Supreme God.

Shen Nung

Description: God of medicine, pharmacy, agriculture.

Rules Over: Medicine, pharmacy, agriculture.

Shou-Hsing

Other Names: Shou, Lao.

Description: God of longevity and old people, keeper of the bookof the life-span of men. Shown with a prominent bald head withwhite eyebrows and whiskers. A stag beside him, he leaned on astaff and carried a peach, symbol of immortality.

Rules Over: Life plan, date of death, reincarnation.

Shui-Khan

Description: God who defends men against all evil and forgivessins.

Rules Over: Averting evil.

T'ai-Yueh-Ta-Ti

Other Names: Tung-Yueh-Ta-Ti.

Description: God of the affairs of men, protector of men andanimals.

Rules Over: Children, fortune, honors, fate, animals, payment ofgood and bad karma, prosperity, success.

Tien-Hou

Other Names: Tien Fei.

Description: Protectress of sailors and others in time ofdanger.

Rules Over: Protection.

T'ien-Khuan

Description: God who bestows happiness.

Rules Over: Happiness.

Tien-Mu

Description: Goddess of lightning.

Rules Over: Lightning.

Ti-Khuan

Description: God who grants remission of sins.

Ti-Tsang-Wang-Pu-Sa

Description: God of mercy, he visited those in Hell and tried toarrange for a good reincarnation. Depicted as a smiling robed monkwith a halo around his body and carried a pearl that gave offlight.

Rules Over: Knowledge for reincarnation.

Tou-Mou

Description: Goddess of the polestar and record-keeper; scribeof the Immortals. Judge of all peoples.

Rules Over: Stars, records, writing, judgement.

Tsai Shen

Other Names: Ts'ai-Shen

Description: God of wealth, most popular chinese god. Showndressed in exquisite silks.

Rules Over: Abundance, success.

Tsao-Wang

Other Names: Tsao-Chun.

Description: Kitchen god, god of the hearth. Protector offamilies and recorder of the actions and words of each family. Hiswife recorded the behavior of women in particular. He gave hisreport to the Jade Emperor who then determined the family's comingfortunes.

Tsi-Ku

Other Names: Tsi Ku Niang.

Description: Goddess of the outhouse. It is said that when awoman wanted to know the future, she went to the outhouse and askedTsi-Ku.

Rules Over: Outhouses, divination.

Twen-Ch'ang

Other Names: Wen-Chang-Ta-Ti.

Description: God of literature and poetry.

Rules Over: Writing, publishing, artistic fame.

Yao-Shih

Description: "Master of healing."

Rules Over: PsychiAo

Description: The 4 dragon kings named Ao Ch'in, Ao Kuang, Ao Junand Ao Shun. Each was responsible for a part of Earth and an areaof sea. During droughts, teh dragon kings were worshipped withnoisy parades of music and dance which followed a cloth effigy of adragon. Every stream and river had its own Ao.

Ch'ang-o

Other Names: Heng-o.

Description: Goddess of the Moon and wife of I.

Ch'eng-Huang

Description: God of walls and ditches. Each town/village had itsown local Ch'eng-Huang.

Rules Over: Protection, justice.

Chih-Nii

Other Names: Chih Nu

Description: Goddess of spinners, weavers and clouds.

Rules Over: Handcrafts, rain.

Ch'in-Shu-Pao

Description: Guardian God. T'ang dynasty military hero elevatedto the job of guarding doors.

Rules Over: Protection, privacy.

Chuang-Mu

Description: Goddess of the bedroom and sexual delights.

Rules Over: Sex.

Chu-Jung

Description: God of fire and executions.

Rules Over: Justice, revenge, death.

Erh-Lang

Description: God who chases away evil spirits and shape-shifterwho had up to 72 different bodily forms. Widely worshipped.

Rules Over: Protection from evil.

Feng-Po-Po

Description: Goddess of winds.

Rules Over: Storms, moisture.

Fu-Hsi

Other Names: Fu-Hsing.

Description: God of happiness, symbolized by the bat.

Rules Over: Destiny, love, success.

Hou-Chi

Description: Ancient harvest God. Depicted as a kindly old manwith millet stalks growing on his head.

Rules Over: Harvest, crops.

Hsi Wang Mu

Other Names: Wang-Mu Niang-Niang, Weiwobo.

Description: Highest Goddess of ancient China. Her palace iss inthe Khun-lun mountain where she protects the herb ofimmortality.

Rules Over: Curing disease.

Hsuan-T'ien-Shang-Ti

Description: Ruler of Water, God who removes evil spirits anddemons.

Rules Over: Exorcism.

Hu-Tu

Other Names: Hou-T'u

Description: Female deity Earth. The Emperor offered sacrificesto her on a square marble altar in the Forbidden City each summersolstice.

Rules Over: Earth magick, fertility.

I-Ti

Description: God of wine who invented winemaking.

Rules Over: Wine.

Kuan Ti

Description: God of war and fortunetelling. Shown dressed ingreen and had a red face.

Rules Over: Protection, valor, justice, divination, revenge,death, dark magick, prophecy.

Kuan Yin

Other Names: Kwan Yin, Kwannon.

Description: Great Mother, patroness of priestesses. Sometimedepicted holding a child. It is thought this Goddess sits on herparadise island of P'u T'o and answers every prayer to her.

Rules Over: Success, mercy, purification, fertility, children,motherhood, childbirth, healing, enlightenment.

K'uei-Hsing

Other Names: Chung-Kuei.

Description: Protector of travelers. God of tests andexaminations, literature and students.

Rules Over: Protection during travel, tests, literature,students.

Lan Ts'ai-Ho

Description: One of the 8 Immortals of ancient China, thisGoddess dressed as a woman but had a male voice. Carried a fluteand basket of fruit.

Rules Over: Music, fertility.

Lao-Tien-Yeh

Description: The Jade Emperor. "Father Heaven."

Lei-King

Other Names: Lei-Kung.

Description: God of thunder and retribution, he had few shrines.Shown as an ugly man with blue skin, wings and claws, clad in aloincloth. He punished the guilty that human law did not touch.

Rules Over: Justice, punishment.

Lo Shen

Description: Goddess of rivers.

Rules Over: Water magick.

Lu-Hsing

Description: God of pay and employees. Symbol was a deer whichhe rode on.

Rules Over: Prosperity, success, law, employment.

Lu-Pan

Other Names: Lupan.

Description: God of carpenters and masons.

Rules Over: Artistic abilities, fame.

Ma-Ku

Description: Goddess of springtime.

Rules Over: Spring rites.

Men Shen

Description: Two deities who warded the door against evilspirits and hostile influences. One had a red or black face, theother a white face. They both wore military dress, holding along-handled mace.

Rules Over: Protection.

Meng-Po Niang Niang

Description: Goddess who lived just inside the door to hellwhere those reincarnating would depart. Her sacred potion, of whichshe gave a few drops to each departing person, made all humansforget previous lives.

Rules Over: Passing over rites, past-lives.

Nu Kua

Description: Creator Goddess who made humankind.

Rules Over: Creation.

Pa

Description: Goddess of droughts.

Rules Over: Droughts.

P'an-Chin-Lien

Description: Goddess of prostitutes.

Rules Over: Prostitution.

Pi-Hsia Yuan Chin

Description: Goddess of childbirth and labor, she brings healthand good fortune to the newborn and protection to the mother.

Rules Over: Protection, good fortune, health, childbirth,labor.

Sao-Ts'ing Niang

Description: Goddess of the clouds.

Rules Over: Ending droughts.

Shaka-Nyorai

Other Names: Sakyamuni.

Description: Historical Buddha.

Rules Over: Virtue, enlightenment, self-realization.

Shang-Ti

Description: The Supreme God.

Shen Nung

Description: God of medicine, pharmacy, agriculture.

Rules Over: Medicine, pharmacy, agriculture.

Shou-Hsing

Other Names: Shou, Lao.

Description: God of longevity and old people, keeper of the bookof the life-span of men. Shown with a prominent bald head withwhite eyebrows and whiskers. A stag beside him, he leaned on astaff and carried a peach, symbol of immortality.

Rules Over: Life plan, date of death, reincarnation.

Shui-Khan

Description: God who defends men against all evil and forgivessins.

Rules Over: Averting evil.

T'ai-Yueh-Ta-Ti

Other Names: Tung-Yueh-Ta-Ti.

Description: God of the affairs of men, protector of men andanimals.

Rules Over: Children, fortune, honors, fate, animals, payment ofgood and bad karma, prosperity, success.

Tien-Hou

Other Names: Tien Fei.

Description: Protectress of sailors and others in time ofdanger.

Rules Over: Protection.

T'ien-Khuan

Description: God who bestows happiness.

Rules Over: Happiness.

Tien-Mu

Description: Goddess of lightning.

Rules Over: Lightning.

Ti-Khuan

Description: God who grants remission of sins.

Ti-Tsang-Wang-Pu-Sa

Description: God of mercy, he visited those in Hell and tried toarrange for a good reincarnation. Depicted as a smiling robed monkwith a halo around his body and carried a pearl that gave offlight.

Rules Over: Knowledge for reincarnation.

Tou-Mou

Description: Goddess of the polestar and record-keeper; scribeof the Immortals. Judge of all peoples.

Rules Over: Stars, records, writing, judgement.

Tsai Shen

Other Names: Ts'ai-Shen

Description: God of wealth, most popular chinese god. Showndressed in exquisite silks.

Rules Over: Abundance, success.

Tsao-Wang

Other Names: Tsao-Chun.

Description: Kitchen god, god of the hearth. Protector offamilies and recorder of the actions and words of each family. Hiswife recorded the behavior of women in particular. He gave hisreport to the Jade Emperor who then determined the family's comingfortunes.

Tsi-Ku

Other Names: Tsi Ku Niang.

Description: Goddess of the outhouse. It is said that when awoman wanted to know the future, she went to the outhouse and askedTsi-Ku.

Rules Over: Outhouses, divination.

Twen-Ch'ang

Other Names: Wen-Chang-Ta-Ti.

Description: God of literature and poetry.

Rules Over: Writing, publishing, artistic fame.

Yao-Shih

Description: "Master of healing."

Rules Over: Psychic abilities, healing powers.

Yeng-Wang-Yeh

Description: FOremost of the ten Yama Kings of Lords of Death.Ruler of hell. He decided the fate of all new arrivals, determiningif they went to a spAo

Description: The 4 dragon kings named Ao Ch'in, Ao Kuang, Ao Junand Ao Shun. Each was responsible for a part of Earth and an areaof sea. During droughts, teh dragon kings were worshipped withnoisy parades of music and dance which followed a cloth effigy of adragon. Every stream and river had its own Ao.

Ch'ang-o

Other Names: Heng-o.

Description: Goddess of the Moon and wife of I.

Ch'eng-Huang

Description: God of walls and ditches. Each town/village had itsown local Ch'eng-Huang.

Rules Over: Protection, justice.

Chih-Nii

Other Names: Chih Nu

Description: Goddess of spinners, weavers and clouds.

Rules Over: Handcrafts, rain.

Ch'in-Shu-Pao

Description: Guardian God. T'ang dynasty military hero elevatedto the job of guarding doors.

Rules Over: Protection, privacy.

Chuang-Mu

Description: Goddess of the bedroom and sexual delights.

Rules Over: Sex.

Chu-Jung

Description: God of fire and executions.

Rules Over: Justice, revenge, death.

Erh-Lang

Description: God who chases away evil spirits and shape-shifterwho had up to 72 different bodily forms. Widely worshipped.

Rules Over: Protection from evil.

Feng-Po-Po

Description: Goddess of winds.

Rules Over: Storms, moisture.

Fu-Hsi

Other Names: Fu-Hsing.

Description: God of happiness, symbolized by the bat.

Rules Over: Destiny, love, success.

Hou-Chi

Description: Ancient harvest God. Depicted as a kindly old manwith millet stalks growing on his head.

Rules Over: Harvest, crops.

Hsi Wang Mu

Other Names: Wang-Mu Niang-Niang, Weiwobo.

Description: Highest Goddess of ancient China. Her palace iss inthe Khun-lun mountain where she protects the herb ofimmortality.

Rules Over: Curing disease.

Hsuan-T'ien-Shang-Ti

Description: Ruler of Water, God who removes evil spirits anddemons.

Rules Over: Exorcism.

Hu-Tu

Other Names: Hou-T'u

Description: Female deity Earth. The Emperor offered sacrificesto her on a square marble altar in the Forbidden City each summersolstice.

Rules Over: Earth magick, fertility.

I-Ti

Description: God of wine who invented winemaking.

Rules Over: Wine.

Kuan Ti

Description: God of war and fortunetelling. Shown dressed ingreen and had a red face.

Rules Over: Protection, valor, justice, divination, revenge,death, dark magick, prophecy.

Kuan Yin

Other Names: Kwan Yin, Kwannon.

Description: Great Mother, patroness of priestesses. Sometimedepicted holding a child. It is thought this Goddess sits on herparadise island of P'u T'o and answers every prayer to her.

Rules Over: Success, mercy, purification, fertility, children,motherhood, childbirth, healing, enlightenment.

K'uei-Hsing

Other Names: Chung-Kuei.

Description: Protector of travelers. God of tests andexaminations, literature and students.

Rules Over: Protection during travel, tests, literature,students.

Lan Ts'ai-Ho

Description: One of the 8 Immortals of ancient China, thisGoddess dressed as a woman but had a male voice. Carried a fluteand basket of fruit.

Rules Over: Music, fertility.

Lao-Tien-Yeh

Description: The Jade Emperor. "Father Heaven."

Lei-King

Other Names: Lei-Kung.

Description: God of thunder and retribution, he had few shrines.Shown as an ugly man with blue skin, wings and claws, clad in aloincloth. He punished the guilty that human law did not touch.

Rules Over: Justice, punishment.

Lo Shen

Description: Goddess of rivers.

Rules Over: Water magick.

Lu-Hsing

Description: God of pay and employees. Symbol was a deer whichhe rode on.

Rules Over: Prosperity, success, law, employment.

Lu-Pan

Other Names: Lupan.

Description: God of carpenters and masons.

Rules Over: Artistic abilities, fame.

Ma-Ku

Description: Goddess of springtime.

Rules Over: Spring rites.

Men Shen

Description: Two deities who warded the door against evilspirits and hostile influences. One had a red or black face, theother a white face. They both wore military dress, holding along-handled mace.

Rules Over: Protection.

Meng-Po Niang Niang

Description: Goddess who lived just inside the door to hellwhere those reincarnating would depart. Her sacred potion, of whichshe gave a few drops to each departing person, made all humansforget previous lives.

Rules Over: Passing over rites, past-lives.

Nu Kua

Description: Creator Goddess who made humankind.

Rules Over: Creation.

Pa

Description: Goddess of droughts.

Rules Over: Droughts.

P'an-Chin-Lien

Description: Goddess of prostitutes.

Rules Over: Prostitution.

Pi-Hsia Yuan Chin

Description: Goddess of childbirth and labor, she brings healthand good fortune to the newborn and protection to the mother.

Rules Over: Protection, good fortune, health, childbirth,labor.

Sao-Ts'ing Niang

Description: Goddess of the clouds.

Rules Over: Ending droughts.

Shaka-Nyorai

Other Names: Sakyamuni.

Description: Historical Buddha.

Rules Over: Virtue, enlightenment, self-realization.

Shang-Ti

Description: The Supreme God.

Shen Nung

Description: God of medicine, pharmacy, agriculture.

Rules Over: Medicine, pharmacy, agriculture.

Shou-Hsing

Other Names: Shou, Lao.

Description: God of longevity and old people, keeper of the bookof the life-span of men. Shown with a prominent bald head withwhite eyebrows and whiskers. A stag beside him, he leaned on astaff and carried a peach, symbol of immortality.

Rules Over: Life plan, date of death, reincarnation.

Shui-Khan

Description: God who defends men against all evil and forgivessins.

Rules Over: Averting evil.

T'ai-Yueh-Ta-Ti

Other Names: Tung-Yueh-Ta-Ti.

Description: God of the affairs of men, protector of men andanimals.

Rules Over: Children, fortune, honors, fate, animals, payment ofgood and bad karma, prosperity, success.

Tien-Hou

Other Names: Tien Fei.

Description: Protectress of sailors and others in time ofdanger.

Rules Over: Protection.

T'ien-Khuan

Description: God who bestows happiness.

Rules Over: Happiness.

Tien-Mu

Description: Goddess of lightning.

Rules Over: Lightning.

Ti-Khuan

Description: God who grants remission of sins.

Ti-Tsang-Wang-Pu-Sa

Description: God of mercy, he visited those in Hell and tried toarrange for a good reincarnation. Depicted as a smiling robed monkwith a halo around his body and carried a pearl that gave offlight.

Rules Over: Knowledge for reincarnation.

Tou-Mou

Description: Goddess of the polestar and record-keeper; scribeof the Immortals. Judge of all peoples.

Rules Over: Stars, records, writing, judgement.

Tsai Shen

Other Names: Ts'ai-Shen

Description: God of wealth, most popular chinese god. Showndressed in exquisite silks.

Rules Over: Abundance, success.

Tsao-Wang

Other Names: Tsao-Chun.

Description: Kitchen god, god of the hearth. Protector offamilies and recorder of the actions and words of each family. Hiswife recorded the behavior of women in particular. He gave hisreport to the Jade Emperor who then determined the family's comingfortunes.

Tsi-Ku

Other Names: Tsi Ku Niang.

Description: Goddess of the outhouse. It is said that when awoman wanted to know the future, she went to the outhouse and askedTsi-Ku.

Rules Over: Outhouses, divination.

Twen-Ch'ang

Other Names: Wen-Chang-Ta-Ti.

Description: God of literature and poetry.

Rules Over: Writing, publishing, artistic fame.

Yao-Shih

Description: "Master of healing."

Rules Over: Psychic abilities, healing powers.

Yeng-Wang-Yeh

Description: FOremost of the ten Yama Kings of Lords of Death.Ruler of hell. He decided the fate of all new arrivals, determiningif they went to a special court for trial, were punished or sentstraight back to the Wheel of Life.

Rules Over: Judgment, punishment, karmic justice.ecial court fortrial, were punished or sent straight back to the Wheel ofLife.

Rules Over: Judgment, punishment, karmic justice.c abilities,healing powers.

Yeng-Wang-Yeh Ao

Description: The 4 dragon kings named Ao Ch'in, Ao Kuang, Ao Junand Ao Shun. Each was responsible for a part of Earth and an areaof sea. During droughts, teh dragon kings were worshipped withnoisy parades of music and dance which followed a cloth effigy of adragon. Every stream and river had its own Ao.

Ch'ang-o

Other Names: Heng-o.

Description: Goddess of the Moon and wife of I.

Ch'eng-Huang

Description: God of walls and ditches. Each town/village had itsown local Ch'eng-Huang.

Rules Over: Protection, justice.

Chih-Nii

Other Names: Chih Nu

Description: Goddess of spinners, weavers and clouds.

Rules Over: Handcrafts, rain.

Ch'in-Shu-Pao

Description: Guardian God. T'ang dynasty military hero elevatedto the job of guarding doors.

Rules Over: Protection, privacy.

Chuang-Mu

Description: Goddess of the bedroom and sexual delights.

Rules Over: Sex.

Chu-Jung

Description: God of fire and executions.

Rules Over: Justice, revenge, death.

Erh-Lang

Description: God who chases away evil spirits and shape-shifterwho had up to 72 different bodily forms. Widely worshipped.

Rules Over: Protection from evil.

Feng-Po-Po

Description: Goddess of winds.

Rules Over: Storms, moisture.

Fu-Hsi

Other Names: Fu-Hsing.

Description: God of happiness, symbolized by the bat.

Rules Over: Destiny, love, success.

Hou-Chi

Description: Ancient harvest God. Depicted as a kindly old manwith millet stalks growing on his head.

Rules Over: Harvest, crops.

Hsi Wang Mu

Other Names: Wang-Mu Niang-Niang, Weiwobo.

Description: Highest Goddess of ancient China. Her palace iss inthe Khun-lun mountain where she protects the herb ofimmortality.

Rules Over: Curing disease.

Hsuan-T'ien-Shang-Ti

Description: Ruler of Water, God who removes evil spirits anddemons.

Rules Over: Exorcism.

Hu-Tu

Other Names: Hou-T'u

Description: Female deity Earth. The Emperor offered sacrificesto her on a square marble altar in the Forbidden City each summersolstice.

Rules Over: Earth magick, fertility.

I-Ti

Description: God of wine who invented winemaking.

Rules Over: Wine.

Kuan Ti

Description: God of war and fortunetelling. Shown dressed ingreen and had a red face.

Rules Over: Protection, valor, justice, divination, revenge,death, dark magick, prophecy.

Kuan Yin

Other Names: Kwan Yin, Kwannon.

Description: Great Mother, patroness of priestesses. Sometimedepicted holding a child. It is thought this Goddess sits on herparadise island of P'u T'o and answers every prayer to her.

Rules Over: Success, mercy, purification, fertility, children,motherhood, childbirth, healing, enlightenment.

K'uei-Hsing

Other Names: Chung-Kuei.

Description: Protector of travelers. God of tests andexaminations, literature and students.

Rules Over: Protection during travel, tests, literature,students.

Lan Ts'ai-Ho

Description: One of the 8 Immortals of ancient China, thisGoddess dressed as a woman but had a male voice. Carried a fluteand basket of fruit.

Rules Over: Music, fertility.

Lao-Tien-Yeh

Description: The Jade Emperor. "Father Heaven."

Lei-King

Other Names: Lei-Kung.

Description: God of thunder and retribution, he had few shrines.Shown as an ugly man with blue skin, wings and claws, clad in aloincloth. He punished the guilty that human law did not touch.

Rules Over: Justice, punishment.

Lo Shen

Description: Goddess of rivers.

Rules Over: Water magick.

Lu-Hsing

Description: God of pay and employees. Symbol was a deer whichhe rode on.

Rules Over: Prosperity, success, law, employment.

Lu-Pan

Other Names: Lupan.

Description: God of carpenters and masons.

Rules Over: Artistic abilities, fame.

Ma-Ku

Description: Goddess of springtime.

Rules Over: Spring rites.

Men Shen

Description: Two deities who warded the door against evilspirits and hostile influences. One had a red or black face, theother a white face. They both wore military dress, holding along-handled mace.

Rules Over: Protection.

Meng-Po Niang Niang

Description: Goddess who lived just inside the door to hellwhere those reincarnating would depart. Her sacred potion, of whichshe gave a few drops to each departing person, made all humansforget previous lives.

Rules Over: Passing over rites, past-lives.

Nu Kua

Description: Creator Goddess who made humankind.

Rules Over: Creation.

Pa

Description: Goddess of droughts.

Rules Over: Droughts.

P'an-Chin-Lien

Description: Goddess of prostitutes.

Rules Over: Prostitution.

Pi-Hsia Yuan Chin

Description: Goddess of childbirth and labor, she brings healthand good fortune to the newborn and protection to the mother.

Rules Over: Protection, good fortune, health, childbirth,labor.

Sao-Ts'ing Niang

Description: Goddess of the clouds.

Rules Over: Ending droughts.

Shaka-Nyorai

Other Names: Sakyamuni.

Description: Historical Buddha.

Rules Over: Virtue, enlightenment, self-realization.

Shang-Ti

Description: The Supreme God.

Shen Nung

Description: God of medicine, pharmacy, agriculture.

Rules Over: Medicine, pharmacy, agriculture.

Shou-Hsing

Other Names: Shou, Lao.

Description: God of longevity and old people, keeper of the bookof the life-span of men. Shown with a prominent bald head withwhite eyebrows and whiskers. A stag beside him, he leaned on astaff and carried a peach, symbol of immortality.

Rules Over: Life plan, date of death, reincarnation.

Shui-Khan

Description: God who defends men against all evil and forgivessins.

Rules Over: Averting evil.

T'ai-Yueh-Ta-Ti

Other Names: Tung-Yueh-Ta-Ti.

Description: God of the affairs of men, protector of men andanimals.

Rules Over: Children, fortune, honors, fate, animals, payment ofgood and bad karma, prosperity, success.

Tien-Hou

Other Names: Tien Fei.

Description: Protectress of sailors and others in time ofdanger.

Rules Over: Protection.

T'ien-Khuan

Description: God who bestows happiness.

Rules Over: Happiness.

Tien-Mu

Description: Goddess of lightning.

Rules Over: Lightning.

Ti-Khuan

Description: God who grants remission of sins.

Ti-Tsang-Wang-Pu-Sa

Description: God of mercy, he visited those in Hell and tried toarrange for a good reincarnation. Depicted as a smiling robed monkwith a halo around his body and carried a pearl that gave offlight.

Rules Over: Knowledge for reincarnation.

Tou-Mou

Description: Goddess of the polestar and record-keeper; scribeof the Immortals. Judge of all peoples.

Rules Over: Stars, records, writing, judgement.

Tsai Shen

Other Names: Ts'ai-Shen

Description: God of wealth, most popular chinese god. Showndressed in exquisite silks.

Rules Over: Abundance, success.

Tsao-Wang

Other Names: Tsao-Chun.

Description: Kitchen god, god of the hearth. Protector offamilies and recorder of the actions and words of each family. Hiswife recorded the behavior of women in particular. He gave hisreport to the Jade Emperor who then determined the family's comingfortunes.

Tsi-Ku

Other Names: Tsi Ku Niang.

Description: Goddess of the outhouse. It is said that when awoman wanted to know the future, she went to the outhouse and askedTsi-Ku.

Rules Over: Outhouses, divination.

Twen-Ch'ang

Other Names: Wen-Chang-Ta-Ti.

Description: God of literature and poetry.

Rules Over: Writing, publishing, artistic fame.

Yao-Shih

Description: "Master of healing."

Rules Over: Psychic abilities, healing powers.

Yeng-Wang-Yeh

Description: FOremost of the ten Yama Kings of Lords of Death.Ruler of hell. He decided the fate of all new arrivals, determiningif they went to a special court for trial, were punished or sentstraight back to the Wheel of Life.

Rules Over: Judgment, punishment, karmic justice.

Description: FOremost of the ten Yama Kings of Lords of Death.Ruler of hell. He decided the fate of all new arrivals, determiningif they went to a special court for trial, were punished or sentstraight back to the Wheel of Life.

Rules Over: Judgment, punishment, karmic justice.

What gods and goddesses did the people of ancient china believe in? - Answers (2024)
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